Li Keqiang Signed an Order of State Council to Promulgate Regulations on Groundwater Management
2021-11-10 16:13

Premier Li Keqiang recently signed an order of the State Council promulgating the Regulations on Groundwater Management (hereinafter referred to as the Regulations), which will take effect on December 1, 2021.


The CPC Central Committee and the State Council attach great importance to groundwater management. In order to strengthen groundwater management, the Regulations make provisions from the aspects of investigation and planning, conservation and protection, over-exploitation control, pollution prevention and control, supervision and management, etc.


First, standardize the investigation, evaluation and planning of groundwater conditions. The people's governments at or above the county level shall organize the competent departments of water administration, natural resources, ecological environment, etc. to carry out the investigation and evaluation of groundwater conditions, and according to the investigation and evaluation results of groundwater conditions, make overall consideration of the needs of economic and social development, groundwater resources, pollution prevention and other factors, and prepare plans for groundwater protection and utilization and pollution prevention and control at the corresponding level.


Second, strengthen groundwater conservation and protection. Implement the total amount control and water level control system of groundwater intake. Clarify the requirements of water conservation in the process of water use, strengthen the regulation and control of groundwater conservation and protection by economic means, and clarify the collection principle of taxes and fees for groundwater resources. Except under special circumstances, it is forbidden to exploit groundwater that is difficult to renew.


Third, strict treatment of groundwater overexploitation. Standardize the delineation of prohibited and restricted groundwater exploitation areas. Except for special circumstances, it is forbidden to take groundwater in areas where exploitation is prohibited, and it is forbidden to take new groundwater in areas where exploitation is restricted, and the amount of groundwater taken is gradually reduced. All provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government are required to prepare comprehensive treatment plans for groundwater overexploitation in their respective administrative areas, and clarify treatment objectives, treatment measures and safeguard measures.


Fourth, improve the prevention and control measures of groundwater pollution. Establish a system for delineating key areas for groundwater pollution prevention and control. Strengthen the control of groundwater pollution, prohibit the discharge of water pollutants by evading supervision, and prohibit the use of ditches, pits and ponds without anti-leakage measures to transport or store wastewater containing toxic pollutants. Refine the system to prevent groundwater pollution by production and construction activities. Refine the system of preventing groundwater pollution caused by soil pollution.


Fifth, strengthen supervision and management. The competent departments of water administration, natural resources and ecological environment of the people's governments at or above the county level shall strengthen supervision and management in accordance with their duties and improve the cooperation mechanism. Strengthen the construction of groundwater monitoring station network and monitoring information sharing mechanism, improve the supervision and management of groundwater intake projects, and strengthen the management of geothermal energy development and utilization projects that need water intake.


In addition, strict legal responsibilities have been set for violations of the Regulations, and accountability has been strengthened.