128 Low-Income Villages in Dalian Have All Withdrawn from Taking off Their Hats
2021-01-06 17:54

Since 2016, The Municipal Party Committee and the Municipal Government have thoroughly implemented the policies of the Party Central Committee, the provincial party Committee and the provincial government have made strategic plans to help the poor. Scientific decision-making, to solve the rural poor people "two without worries and three guarantees" and drinking water safety, relatively backward development of 128 low-income villages as the goal, to win the rural poverty alleviation battle in an all-round way, to lead the city up and down to accurately implement policies, innovate methods, integrate resources, concentrate efforts, to fully promote the implementation of the city's precise poverty alleviation work. By 2020, 128 low-income villages in Dalian have all withdrawn from taking off their hats, which has better realized the "two guarantees and three guarantees" and drinking water safety for the rural poor. Farmers' income has greatly increased, the rural landscape has changed significantly, and the rich industry has developed vigorously.


128 low-income villages have all withdrawn from hat removal.

In 2014, the city increased its pressure and identified 128 low-income villages in 37 villages and towns (agriculture-related streets) of Pulandian, Wafangdian and Zhuanghe "one district, two cities" as the targets of poverty alleviation and the city's key livelihood projects to be fully promoted. By 2020, all 128 low-income villages in Dalian will withdraw from their hats, with an annual disposable income of more than 14,000 yuan per capita. To achieve comprehensive coverage of the minimum living guarantee policy; The Implementation of the Medical Insurance System for Urban and Rural Residents; Rural infrastructure conditions have been effectively improved, with the ratio of villages and villages connecting oil routes reaching 100%. The proportion of safe drinking water for villagers reached more than 98%. The proportion of farmers with safe housing reached more than 98%. Each low-income village has a library, a health room, an indoor fitness place and an outdoor cultural square. The sanitary environment has improved significantly. Effective development of characteristic industries; The degree of socialized organization of farmers has been continuously improved.


Industrial development is the key. According to the development idea of "industry leading, optimizing structure, endogenous growth, strengthening villages and enriching the people", We have always taken the development of industries as the fundamental way out to push forward poverty alleviation and increase income steadily. In combination with the actual situation in the region, we have encouraged and guided low-income villages to vigorously develop poverty alleviation industries such as vegetables, fruit trees, animal husbandry and facility agriculture, so as to expand the collective economy and drive farmers to increase income and become rich. The Municipal Finance Bureau has optimized the fund supply mechanism related to poverty alleviation at all levels of finance, improved the efficiency of fund use, promoted the integration of policy funds, and formed a new pattern of poverty alleviation investment of "multiple channels to divert water and one leader to drain water". Over the past five years, Dalian has increased its investment in industrial poverty alleviation funds year by year, with a total investment of 280 million yuan in special poverty alleviation funds, a total investment of 760 million yuan in projects, and 1.04 billion yuan in new poverty alleviation industrial benefits. There are 145 industrial projects, more than 5,000 agricultural sheds with various facilities, and nearly 20,000 mu of fruit trees, benefiting more than 13,000 households directly. There are many industrial poverty alleviation models in the city, such as one township, one industry, one village, one product, village-enterprise cooperation, poverty alleviation workshops, etc.


All parties are working together to tackle the problem. The Office of the Municipal Leading Group for Poverty Alleviation and Development in Rural Areas has actively mobilized all social forces to participate in the crucial task of poverty alleviation in rural areas. The 192 municipal designated aid units in the city have given full play to their own advantages in terms of capital, materials, technology, manpower and information. In combination with the development needs of low-income villages, targeted assistance has been carried out and "hematopoietic" assistance has been implemented according to local conditions. Over the past five years, each designated aid unit has invested 102 million yuan (including material discount and coordination funds), built 550 new facility agricultural greenhouses or greenhouses, trained 1,307 people in skills, and helped sell more than 3 million yuan of agricultural products. At the same time, the city has sent more than 1,000 cadres to work in villages to achieve full coverage of all villages. Select cadres to formulate 945 "one village, one policy" rural development plans, introduce or cultivate 569 industrial projects, and strive for 220 million yuan for industrial project development funds. Leading the establishment of 410 specialized farmers' cooperatives; 166 cooperative enterprises were introduced, with an investment of 410 million yuan. The city's village collective income increased by 45.7834 million yuan over the previous year, and the amount of village collective debts was 57.939 million yuan.


Two without Worries and Three Guarantees" Weaves People's "Happiness Net

"Let the poor live in dilapidated buildings" is the basic requirement and core indicator for the central government to steadily realize the "two without worries and three guarantees" to overcome poverty. It is also the bottom line requirement for our city to implement the renovation of dilapidated buildings in rural areas. By the end of November 2020, the renovation of dilapidated buildings in our city had been completed, and beneficiary farmers could welcome the New Year in more secure "new houses". In addition to housing security, farmers in our city, especially the disadvantaged groups, are also effectively protected in compulsory education and basic medical care.


In order to secure the bottom line of people's livelihood, the departments of civil affairs, medical insurance, health and health have fully implemented comprehensive social security policies such as subsistence allowances, medical insurance, assistance and support for the poor, and temporary assistance. They have strengthened the dynamic monitoring of the subsistence allowances population, the marginal poor population, and the special poor population, so as to prevent and resolve the risk of returning to poverty in a timely manner.


In terms of minimum living allowances, the minimum living standard has been raised for 13 consecutive years. The minimum living standard for rural residents in "one district, two cities" has been raised to 540 yuan per person per month. The minimum living standard for rural residents in other areas is 750 yuan per person per month, far exceeding the national and provincial poverty line standards. The city now has 23,397 households and 31,318 people living on subsistence allowances in rural areas, thus realizing full coverage. The living and nursing subsidies for the poor disabled and the severely disabled in rural areas benefited 326,200 people and 416,800 people respectively. 680 eligible rural poor women suffering from "two cancers" received assistance. In July this year, the newly issued Municipal Government Decree No.162 "Dalian Minimum Living Security Measures" for the first time defined the relevant concepts and identification standards for low-income families, bringing low-income families into the scope of social assistance and further expanding the coverage of social assistance. At present, our city has set up a four-level hierarchical assistance guarantee system in which the most difficult people are included in the assistance and support for the poor, the more difficult people are included in the subsistence allowances, the relatively difficult people are included in the assistance for low-income families, and the sudden and urgent difficult people are included in the temporary assistance. To promote the expansion of social assistance work in our city from solving absolute poverty to solving relative poverty.


In terms of compulsory education, we have continuously improved the working mechanism of joint control and guarantee, improved the financial aid policy system for all kinds of students, and achieved full coverage of the financial aid policy for students from all families with financial difficulties, thus ensuring from the system that "students in a compulsory education stage will not be allowed to drop out of school due to financial difficulties from their families".


In terms of housing safety, the renovation of dilapidated buildings in rural areas will be included in the municipal government's "heavy emphasis" task, the "four key objects" of the renovation of dilapidated buildings in rural areas will be investigated for the stock of dilapidated buildings, and eligible Class C and D dilapidated buildings will be included in the scope of renovation of dilapidated buildings door to door. In the past five years, a total of 10,078 dilapidated buildings of Class C and D have been renovated, and all of them have been completed.


In terms of medical security, a dynamic monitoring mechanism for poverty alleviation through basic medical insurance for urban and rural residents has been established. All 59,538 eligible residents in difficulty have been included in the basic medical insurance for urban and rural residents, thus achieving full coverage of basic medical insurance, serious illness insurance and comprehensive medical assistance for rural residents in difficulty. We will expand the scope of special treatment for serious diseases to 30 types, increase the proportion of reimbursement and subsidy for serious diseases, and effectively curb the occurrence of poverty caused by illness and returning to poverty due to illness.


In addition, in terms of drinking water safety, 322 rural drinking water safety projects have been implemented to fully ensure the safety of rural water supply in our city and further improve the quality of rural drinking water.


The sense of attainment and happiness of the peasant masses are continuously increasing.

Around the deployment of the municipal party Committee and the municipal government to help the poor, all municipal units have given full play to the advantages of departments and industries, stepped up their efforts, and continuously strengthened their short boards. As a result, the farmers' sense of acquisition and happiness have continuously increased.


In terms of transportation, about 2,476 kilometers of rural roads will be built. Natural villages in low-income villages will have 100% oil access by 2018. By the end of 2019, our city will take the lead in realizing 100% oil access for all natural villages in the whole province. 128 low-income villages have hardened 4.69 million square meters of roads in the villages. The coverage rate of rural passenger stations, pavilions and villages is 100%.


In terms of electricity, 1,140 kilometers of 10 kV lines have been newly built and renovated, 2,910 distribution transformers with a capacity of 550 MVA have been newly built and renovated, 3,769 kilometers of low-voltage lines have been renovated, and 2,961 low-voltage station areas have been renovated, greatly improving the power supply capacity and reliability in rural areas.


In terms of village appearance, there are 8,314 village cleaners in the agriculture-related areas of Dalian, with an average of one cleaner for every 306 people. There are 30,647 garbage bins, 19,332 garbage pools, 12,791 garbage houses, 2,850 collection vehicles (including 480 rickshaws), 51 transfer stations and 396 transfer vehicles for rural domestic waste treatment. The collection and transfer facilities have been basically equipped. 275,000 harmless toilets were renovated and the revolutionary task of rural toilets was successfully completed. 158 centralized renovation projects for non-sanitary toilets in primary and secondary schools were identified, with a total renovation area of 22,000 square meters.


In terms of science and technology training, 513 science and technology commissioners have been registered and 22 science and technology missions have been formed. The missions have gone deep into first-line villages, especially low-income villages, to carry out agricultural science and technology services. The focus of agricultural skills training, professional manager training and other projects will be on low-income villages.


In terms of cultural poverty alleviation, more than 10 professional performances are arranged in low-income villages every year, and support is given to low-income villages in the construction of village bookstores and the screening of rural films, thus enriching the cultural life of the people in low-income villages.

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