Key Tips for Travel Hygiene during the Mid-Autumn Festival Holiday and National Day
The National Day and Mid-Autumn Festival holiday is approaching again. Many people may arrange their first trip in 2020. The Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention warmly reminds us that we are still in the period of the global pandemic of the novel coronavirus pneumonia (the international common name "Corona Virus Disease 2019" and COVID-19). We should try our best to avoid unnecessary cross-border tourism and arrange domestic travel normally. During the travel, we should obey the relevant requirements of the new crown prevention and control work in the travel destination.
[Key Risk Tips]
1. During the Mid-Autumn Festival and the National Day in 2020, domestic travel in China needs to focus on the prevention of Novel Coronavirus, Norovirus infection and food poisoning.
2. At present, all parts of our country are low-risk areas for the new crown epidemic, and can travel normally. During the travel, we must obey the relevant requirements for the prevention and control of the new crown in the travel destination. At the same time, prepare hand-washing-free disinfectant, disinfectant wipe, masks and other items. Pay attention to keeping a distance from others during travel, wash hands frequently, and wear masks in closed and crowded places.
3. At present, there is a global pandemic of the new crown epidemic. Different countries and regions have adopted different travel restrictions. It may take up to 28 days of isolation observation before and after entry and exit, which will seriously affect the experience of short-term cross-border tourism.
4. The opportunities for dinner and eating out during festivals increase. Attention should be paid to the prevention of Norovirus disease and food poisoning. Do not eat undercooked food, unsterilized milk, unpeeled fruits, raw vegetables, and do not drink raw water. Do not pick or eat wild mushrooms and wild plants. When eating out, pay attention to choose regular hotels or restaurants with good sanitary conditions.
[Characteristics of Related Risks and Specific Preventive Measures]
1. Novel coronavirus pneumonia
As of September 21, 215 countries and regions around the world have reported more than 30.94 million confirmed cases of novel coronavirus pneumonia and more than 959,000 deaths (see http://2019ncov.chinacdc.cn/2019-nCoV/global.html for real-time epidemic situation); In the past week, an average of more than 280,000 new confirmed cases have been reported worldwide every day.
The mainland of China has reported no confirmed cases of local infection or asymptomatic infection since August 21, and the mainland has been a low-risk area since August 29.
Outbreaks abroad continue to spread one after another. The number of new cases reported in the Americas has decreased recently, but it is still the region with the worst epidemic in the world, with about half of the new cases reported every week in the world. The epidemic situation in Southeast Asia is growing fastest, and the number of newly reported cases per week will exceed that in the Americas, especially in India, where the epidemic situation continues to rise significantly. The epidemic situation in Europe rose again after a slight decline from May to June. So far, the peak has exceeded spring and is still rising. The epidemic situation in the eastern Mediterranean region rose again after a slight decline in August. Seasonal religious and cultural mass gatherings, wedding celebrations and other social activities led to another rise in the epidemic situation in the region. The Western Pacific region has the lowest cumulative number of cases and deaths per million population in the world, and the recent epidemic situation is relatively stable. The epidemic situation in Africa showed a downward trend from the end of July.
Main preventive measures:
(1) At present, the mainland of China is a low-risk area and can travel normally. During the travel, it must obey the relevant requirements of the prevention and control work of the new crown in the travel destination. At the same time, prepare hand-washing-free disinfectant, disinfectant wipe, masks and other items. Try to reduce going to closed places and crowded places and reduce dinners. When I have fever symptoms or other diseases that are not suitable for travel, I should postpone or cancel my travel. In cross-border tourism, if the destination requires travelers to be isolated for medical observation for 14 days after entering the country, and at the same time, China also requires isolated observation for 14 days for incoming personnel, the longest isolation observation before and after leaving the country may be 28 days, which will seriously affect the short-term travel experience. Therefore, it is suggested that individuals weigh travel time and try to avoid unnecessary cross-border travel during the National Day and Mid-Autumn Festival holidays.
(2) During the trip, when taking planes, trains and other means of transportation, they should abide by the requirements of order and crew management, wear masks throughout the journey, do a good job in hand hygiene, and properly keep bills for inquiry. During the play, you should queue up in an orderly way, keep a distance of more than 1 meter as far as possible, and wear masks in closed places and crowded places. It is recommended to sit at intervals or eat on the same side when eating in the restaurant, keeping a distance of more than 1 meter from others. If symptoms such as fever, fatigue and dry cough occur during the journey, you should immediately go to the nearest medical institution to cancel or suspend the trip.
(3) After returning from the trip, continue to do a good job of personal health monitoring. You should observe yourself for 14 days. In case of physical discomfort, you should seek medical treatment in time and voluntarily inform the doctor of your travel history. If they are returned from overseas travel, According to the requirements of the latest version of China's novel coronavirus pneumonia prevention and control plan, 14 days of centralized isolation medical observation should be implemented, or when conditions permit, the "7 +7" and "2 +1" management modes should be implemented on a voluntary basis, i.e. 7 days of centralized isolation and 7 days of home isolation, nucleic acid detection at the customs of the port of entry, nucleic acid detection at the later stage of centralized isolation at the place of entry, and nucleic acid detection after the expiration of home isolation.
2. Food poisoning
May to October is the month with high incidence of food poisoning in China. The opportunities for dinner and eating out during festivals increase, and the possibility of food poisoning will increase under the condition of poor food hygiene.
The number of microbial food poisoning incidents and poisoning cases in mainland China is the largest, mainly occurring in catering service units and collective canteens, which is manifested by the concentrated incidence of many people after collective eating of the same or more contaminated or spoiled foods. Patients often suffer from gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and diarrhea within 24 hours after eating. Above abdominal pain, persistent or paroxysmal colic in the middle abdomen is common, and vomitus is mostly the food to eat. Often vomit first and then diarrhea, diarrhea several to dozen times a day, mostly yellow loose stool, watery or mucous stool.
Main preventive measures: Pay attention to food hygiene and wash hands before meals and after defecation. Do not eat undercooked food, unsterilized milk, unpeeled fruits, raw vegetables, and do not drink raw water. Do not pick or eat wild mushrooms and wild plants. Choose fresh and safe food raw materials, and pay attention to the separation of raw and cooked food during processing. When eating out, pay attention to choose regular hotels or restaurants with good sanitary conditions.
3. Norovirus disease
Outbreaks of Norovirus disease mainly occur in nurseries or schools. Outbreaks of Norovirus disease also occur frequently in tour groups, cruise ships and holiday centers. In recent years, China has reported several outbreaks of Norovirus disease in domestic and foreign tour groups. Since September, more than 30 outbreaks of Norovirus have been reported nationwide, involving about 1,500 cases and no deaths. Mainly in schools.
People are usually infected by eating or drinking food or water contaminated by Norovirus, putting their fingers in their mouths after touching objects or surfaces contaminated by the virus, and contacting patients infected by the virus (e.g. Caring for patients, sharing food or tableware with patients). The most common clinical symptoms are vomiting and diarrhea, followed by nausea, abdominal pain, headache, fever, aversion to cold and muscle soreness. Most patients recover after 2-3 days. Very few cases can cause severe illness or even death. The high-risk groups for severe cases are the elderly and young children.
Main preventive measures: pay attention to washing hands, especially after going to the toilet and changing diapers, and before eating, preparing and processing food every time; Fruits and vegetables should be carefully cleaned before eating, oysters and other shellfish should be eaten after deep processing. Norovirus infected persons cannot prepare and process food or accompany other patients within 3 days after their illness and recovery; Surfaces contaminated by vomitus or feces of patients should be cleaned and disinfected with chlorine-containing bleach or other effective disinfectants in time, and contaminated clothes or bed sheets should be taken off and cleaned immediately. Rubber or disposable gloves should be worn during cleaning, and hands should be washed carefully after cleaning.