Geography and climate








The port city of Dalian is situated on the eastern coast of the Eurasian continent, on the southernmost tip of the Liaodong Peninsula of Northeast China, between 120 degrees 58 minutes to 123 degrees 31 east longitude and 38 degrees 43 minutes to 40 degrees 10 minutes north latitude.


It sits along the Yellow Sea on the east and the Bohai Sea on the west. It faces the Shandong Peninsula across the sea in the south and is bounded by the Northeast Plain in the north. It is the link that connects cities in North China, Northeast China and East China with the world. It is also a key player in the port, trade, tourism and industrial sectors in China.


The total area of Dalian is 12,574 square kilometers, of which the old urban area covers 2,415 sq km.


There are many hills in the old urban area. Its terrain is high in the north and low in the south, and wide in the north and narrow in the south. The remnants of the Qianshan Mountains run through the old urban area. Most of them are mountains and low-lying hills that have eroded. Karst landscape is commonly seen in this area.




Dalian city is located in the warm temperate zone of the northern hemisphere. It has a warm temperate continental monsoon climate, with maritime characteristics. It has four clearly distinct seasons and there are no severely cold days in winter and severely hot days in the summer. The average temperature of the city is 10.5 C. The annual precipitation is 550-950 millimeters and total amount of sunshine during the year ranges from 2,500-2,800 hours.


Water resources


The port city of Dalian in China’s northeastern Liaoning province is known for its abundance of water resources. The Biliu River, Yingna River, Zhuanghe River, Zanzi River, Dasha River, Dengsha River, Qingshui River and Malan River in the region flow into the Yellow Sea. Meanwhile, the Fuzhou River, Liguancun River and Shanshilipu River flow into the Bohai Sea. The Biliu River is the biggest river in Dalian and a major source of drinking water. The city is also home to more than 200 small rivers.


Fresh water resources in Dalian total 3.79 billion cubic meters per year, of which, 3.42 cubic meters is surface water.




Dalian administers Wafangdian and Zhuanghe county-level cities, Changhai county and seven districts — Zhongshan, Xigang, Shahekou, Ganjingzi, Lvshunkou, Jinzhou and Pulandian. The city also has three national-level pilot zones, which are Jinpu New Area, a bonded zone and a high-tech industrial park. It also boasts many industrial zones with different focused industries, including the Huayuankou economic zone and Changxing Island Economic and Technological Development Zone.